3 Mount Elizabeth #15-10, Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre, Singapore 228510
Experiencing Knee Pain?
Knee pain is a common discomfort that can be experienced by anyone regardless of age. It may originate in any of the bony structures comprising the knee joint – this includes the femur, tibia, and fibula -, the kneecap (also known as patella), or the ligaments and cartilage (meniscus) of the knee. Minor knee pains can be easily alleviated through self-care measures. However, if the case is too severe, one may need to undergo a surgical repair.
Causes
Knee pain can be classified into three major categories – Acute Injury, Medical Conditions, and Chronic Use / Overuse Conditions.
Acute Injury
Acute injuries include fractured bones caused by direct trauma to the knee. Not only is this very painful, but it can also interfere with the knee’s proper functions. ACL or Anterior Cruciate Ligament is a common acute injury that affects the ligaments and is most often caused by sports-related activities. Another acute injury is a meniscus tear; This occurs when the knee is twisted causing the meniscus to tear. And lastly, is a dislocation of the knee joint. This acute injury compromises blood flow to the leg and requires immediate medical attention.
Medical Conditions
Medical conditions such as Rheumatoid Arthritis, Gout, and Septic Arthritis are other problems that can cause knee pain. These conditions can affect any joint in the body and are usually accompanied by severe pain, swelling, disability and reduced function.
Chronic Use / Overuse Conditions
Patellar tendinitis and Patellofemoral pain syndromes are knee conditions triggered by the repetition of the same motion during exercise or other strenuous activities. These are most common among runners and cyclists. On the other hand, Osteoarthritis is a chornic degenerative condition that results from wearing down of the cartilage of the joint due to frequent use and age.
Symptoms
Depending on the severity, location, and the cause – whether it is due to injury or a medical condition – of the knee pain, the discomfort a person feels may vary. If it is an infection or an inflammatory process, the whole knee might appear red, swollen and tender to touch. If it is a torn meniscus or a fractured bone, symptoms may be more localised, or the knee may still be swollen and painful.
Other common indications that accompany knee pain includes the following:
  • Stiffness,
  • Redness and warm to the touch,
  • Incapable to fully straighten or bend the knee,
  • Difficulty in walking (especially up or down staircases due to ligament damage), and
  • Popping or crunching noises
Since symptoms of knee pain usually varies, self-diagnosis and medication can be risky. When you are already experiencing extreme discomfort in the knees, it is important that you schedule an appointment with an orthopaedic doctor as soon as you can.
Treatment
Depending on what exactly causes the knee pain, recommended treatments may vary. The doctor can prescribe medications to help lessen the pain and treat underlying conditions. Physical therapy may also help in strengthening the muscles surrounding the knees.
In some cases, the doctor may also suggest the injecting of medications directly into the knee joints. Some of these include corticosteroids which help reduce arthritis flares, hyaluronic acid which helps to lubricate the joints to improve mobility, or platelet-rich plasma (PRP) that lessens inflammation due to mild arthritis and may also promote recovery.
When the injury to the knee is already too severe that it may not be fully treated through non-surgical means, then knee surgery will be an option. Here at Ardmore Orthopaedics, we offer three types of surgical procedures for the knee:
Arthroscopic Surgery
Using a fiber-optic camera and several long, narrow tools inserted through small incisions, our Orthopaedic Surgeon will remove loose bodies from the knee joint, repair the damaged cartilage that causes the knee to lock, and reconstruct all the torn ligaments.
Partial Knee Replacement Surgery
In this surgical procedure, our Orthopaedic Surgeon replaces the damaged portion of the knee with new parts made from plastic and metal. This procedure can be performed through small incisions, making the recovery and healing process quick and with less pain. The selection criteria for a partial knee replacement however, is more strict and stringent.
Total Knee Replacement Surgery
Our Orthopaedic Surgeon removes the damaged bone and cartilage and replaces it with an artificial joint made of metal alloys, high-grade plastics, and polymers. This surgical procedure will take a slightly longer time to heal compared to the partial knee replacement surgery.
Here at The Ardmore Orthopaedic Clinic, we aim to provide the highest possible quality of specialized care for people suffering all types of orthopaedic conditions. If you have other questions and further inquiries about knee pain and its treatments, you can contact our Orthopaedic Surgeon, Dr. Ng Yung Chuan Sean, or visit our clinic today.
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Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
3 Mount Elizabeth #15-10, Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre,
Singapore 228510
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